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最新(小升初)形容词的比较级和最高级知识讲解及练习

时间:2018-10-25 21:33:07   作者:   来源:   阅读:140   评论:0
内容摘要:形容词的比较级和最高级知识讲解及练习Ⅰ.常见的形容词及比较级和最高级的构成(规则变化):①.在单词末尾加________构成比较级;加the和______构成最高级。如:small(小的)→_________(更小的)→_______________(最小的)short短的long长的new新的young年轻的kind...

形容词的比较级和最高级知识讲解及练习

 

. 常见的形容词及比较级和最高级的构成(规则变化)

①. 在单词末尾加________ 构成比较级; the ______ 构成最高级。

如: small(小的)→_________ (更小的) →________ _______ (最小的)


short短的

long长的

new新的 

young年轻的 

kind和蔼的 

clean干净的

quiet宁静的

calm 镇静的

clever聪明的

smart机灵的

cold寒冷的

cool凉爽的

warm暖和的

tall高的


  ②. 在单词末尾加________ 构成比较级; the ______ 构成最高级。

如: nice(漂亮的)→_________ (更漂亮的) →__________________ (最漂亮的)


large 大的

white白的

fine好的

late晚的


③. 先改单词末尾的______ ______, ________ 构成比较级; the ______ 构成最高级。如: funny(风趣的)→_________ (更风趣的) →________________ (最风趣的)


scary恐怖的 

pretty漂亮的

friend友好的

ugly难看的

lazy懒惰的 

shy害羞的 

curly卷曲的

heavy重的 

easy容易的


④. 先双写在单词末尾的_________字母 , 再加________ 构成比较级;加the ______ 构成最高级。如: red(红的)→________ (更红的) →________________ (最红的)


red 红的

big大的 

hot热的

thin瘦的

fat胖的


 

⑤. 在单词前加________构成比较级;加_________ _________ 构成最高级  

如:interesting(有趣的)→_____________ (更有趣的)→_________________ (最有趣的)


interesting有趣的 

boring 无聊的

difficult困难的 

relaxing 轻松的

exciting 令人激动的 

different不同的  

famous著名的 

beautiful美丽的

surprised感到惊讶的 

popular流行的

unfriendly不友善的的

delicious美味的

expensive昂贵的 

crowded拥挤的

athletic 体格强健的

serious 严肃的

outgoing 活泼的             

easygoing平易近人的


 

⑥.  特殊变化: 

原级

比较级

最高级

goo/ well

better

best

many/ much

more

most

bad / badly(坏地)

worse

worst

little

less

least

old

Older(年龄)/ elder(辈份)

oldest/ eldest

far

farther距离/ further(深奥的)

farthest/ furthest

. 形容词比较级的用法:表示两者(人或物)的比较。

 比较级+than从句表示两者比较( A  … 比较级+than B

①. 他比我高。He is ________ (tall) than me.

②. 他的头发比我的短。His hair is ________(short) than _________.

③. Tom比我胖。 Tom is _____ (fat) than me.

④. 谁跑得快些,Lucy 还是Lily  Who runs  _________, Lucy or Lily?

⑤. 英语比语文重要。English is  _______________ (important) than Chinese.

⑥. 我来的比你晚。I come _______ (late) than you.

⑦. 他比你小2岁。He’s 2 years _________ than you.

 表示两者相等用,as+形容词原级+比较对象: (A … as 原级 B )

他和我一样高。 He is as ________ (tall) as I/me.

英语比语文重要。English is as _______________ (important) as Chinese.

他的头发和我的头发一样长。His hair is ________ ________ _______ mine.

他学习和你一样努力。He works _______ hard ______ you.

 表示不如 “不相等时,用“not+as/so+形容词原级+as+比较对象

他没我高。He is  ______ ________  (tall) as me.

今天没有昨天暖和。Today is ______ _______ _______(warm) _______ yesterday.

                     =Yesterday ______ ________ than today.

③他昨天来得没有我早。He _________ come ________ early as I (did) yesterday.

比较级前可用much / a lot / far(… 得多)a little(稍微) ,still, no, even(甚至), any 等表示程度;

形容词、副词前如有:very, too, quite(非常), rather(相当)等修饰,一般用原级。

比较:  He is much ___________( well) today.  It’s much ____________ (expensive).

He is very __________ (well) today.  It’s too ___________ (expensive)

△⒋比较级 +and+ 比较级表示越来越…”

天气越来越冷了。It’s getting ______ and _______(cold)

△⒌ “The+ 比较级the+ 比较级…”表示,就越

越多越好 The ________, the _______.

. 形容词最高级的用法:

表示三者或三者以上(人或物)的比较,其中有一个超过其他几个。形容词最高级前要加the,后面通常带ofin)短语来说明比较的范围(of 后的名词或代词表示与主语属同一类;in 表示时间或空间范围)。

①在我们班上他最高。 He is __________ ( tall) _____ our class.

②玛丽是这三个学生中最小的。

Mary is  __________ (young) ______ the three students.

Exercise

一.出下列单词的比较级

1.tall___________2.quiet____________ 3.funny_______________4.heavy___________

5.thin_____________6.big______________7.outgoing_____________8.wild________

9.little_____________10.good____________11.bad_______________12.many__________

二、单选题

1.Tina is ________ than Linda.      A.short B.more shorter C.shorter D.shorter

2.This question is ________ than that one.   A.easyer  B.more easy C.easy  D.easier

3.I’m ________ younger than her.   A.a few B.a little C.little D.few

4.My friend is the same _______ me.       A.to B.as C.with    D.in

5.The girl is as _____________ as her mother.

A.beautiful B.more beautiful C.beautifule D.more beautifuler

6.Lily is _________ of the two.  A.taller B.tallest C.the taller D.tall

7.The box is ________ heavier than that one.   A.much B.very C.more      D.so

三、同义句。

1.He is 14 years old. His friend is 12 years old.=His friend is __________ __________ he.

2.Our bikes are not the same as theirs.=Our bikes are __________ _________ theirs.

3.He is healthier than his friend.=He _______ _________ ________ of the two.

4.The girl is smarter than her classmates.=The girl is smarter than_______ ________ ________ in her class.

5.He is less popular than her.=He is not _______ popular ________ her. =She is _______ ______ than him.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

             

参考答案:

一.

1.taller   2.quieter     3.funnier   4.heavier  5.thinner   6.bigger

7.more outgoing 8.wilder 9.less     10.better   11.worse   12.more

二.

1-5 CDBBA  6-7 CA

三.

1. younger than                        2. different from

3. is the healthier                    4. any other student

5.as as ; more popular

              

              


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